What is sustainability and what is meant by sustainable development?

Date: 14 - 02 - 2019

Dr..Eng. Ali Mohamed Al-Khouri

We often hear about sustainability, and we can see the spread of this term, whether in the press or the media in its various forms, or on the tongues of politicians and leaders in the world.

And it reached to become prerequisites in many studies that precede the launch of major projects, especially those that have large engineering geographic dimensions to measure the expected impact on the various dimensions of sustainability.

Despite this wide spread of the issue of sustainability globally in various fields, it is still an elitist issue and has not reached its understanding and comprehension, let alone the belief in its necessity for the ordinary human being. location and place to another

Defining sustainable development, it is the process of developing land, cities, communities and businesses, in order to ensure a clean, healthy and safe life for individuals, and not deprive them of their basic human rights, provided that they meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs, in other words, that we consume the resources available to us on the land Provided it is naturally substituted to be available again for future generations.

ما هي الاستدامة والمقصود من التنمية المستدامة؟

This definition, despite its simplicity and intuitiveness, its implementation is not easy at all, especially in light of the presence of three basic variables in our life reality, which are:

  1. The rapid technological development and its temptations and pressures towards more consumption of land and economic resources
  2. The steady growth in the population and its growing requirements for living
  3. Slowing natural compensation rates for natural resources such as
    1. Replacing the proportions of oxygen gas around its natural and necessary proportions for the life of creatures
    2. Nature’s ability to get rid of the toxic effects caused by the increased proportions of some harmful fumes and gases
    3. Restoring the relative balance between gaseous components, such as the proportion of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
    4. Replenishment rates of fresh, potable and agricultural water
    5. The ability to recycle manufactured and expired products and then recycle them

In light of these growing challenges, the culprit – the human being – must take a growing and sustainable response to restore the natural balance of life on planet Earth. And “the culprit must be compensated,” and this is a well-known fundamental and legal rule

Sustainable development aims to improve the living conditions of all individuals without increasing the use of natural resources beyond the carrying capacity of the planet. Sustainable development focuses on three main areas: economic growth, conservation of natural resources and the environment, and social development

Based on the foregoing, all the sustainable development goals and initiatives focus on confronting challenges that are harmful and harmful to life, especially human life, and on top of its priorities “the eradication of poverty”, by encouraging the adoption of balanced production and consumption patterns, without excessive reliance on natural resources.

Dr..Eng. Ali Mohamed Al-Khouri

Advisor to the Council of Arab Economic Unity and President of the Arab Federation for Digital Economy