Source: Al-Akhbar Al-Msaey newspaper
Dr. said. Ali Muhammad Al-Khoury, President of the Arab Federation for the Digital Economy, said that the current international repercussions and the cold war between the United States of America and Europe on the one hand and Russia and China on the other hand, which developed during the Russian-Ukrainian war, which extended for more than a year and a half, caused important developments in interactions. Global politics between major and superpowers around the world, which US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken described in a speech last week as “a new international scene that reflects the end of the post-Cold War order,” that is, the end of the unipolar system that was formed after that war, and this explains the American acknowledgment. The formal transformation of the United States’ foreign policy today, which is revealed by the statements and actions of the current American administration, in which it exceeded the declared foreign strategic goals of the United States for the era before the Russian-Ukrainian war, most notably confronting Chinese expansionism.
He pointed out the major problem facing the American foreign policy maker today, which is the multiplicity of American foreign strategic goals, the retreat from previous positions and policies, and the emergence of new important goals, in addition to the basic strategic goal. Will the United States succeed in achieving this large number of goals? In light of the change in the international system, with all the new international data that this brings?
The strategic goals facing America to regain control of the global system
During the past few years, starting with the era of former President Barack Obama, America has set a specific strategic goal of confronting China’s rising power and encircling it in Asia, which was described in American documents as “the turn towards Asia.” This detour required the United States, in light of the necessity of increasing the presence of its forces and alliances in Asia, to gradually withdraw from other regions of the world, especially from the Middle East region, to which the United States devoted great attention, both during the Cold War period and after it, and the United States took the initiative Indeed, within the framework of a declared policy, to withdraw from the Middle East, the United States concluded or sought to conclude a nuclear deal with Iran, whether during the era of Obama or Biden, and it withdrew from Afghanistan and reduced the presence of its forces in Iraq and Syria, and sought to normalize relations between Israel and the Arab countries, with the aim of creating… Security integration in the region, which began since the Trump era and has continued strongly as a strategic goal during the current administration.
America seeks to defeat Russia and contain the Chinese rise by returning to the Middle East
He explained that the Russian-Ukrainian war forced the United States to set new strategic goals, as defeating Russia today in the war is among its most important goals, in light of the importance of encircling China’s continued global rise, which comes at the expense of America’s global status and role, has not diminished.
The previous two goals of the United States revealed the importance of the Middle East region in particular, especially the Gulf Cooperation Council countries, with their concentration of oil and energy wealth and their economically important strategic location, which is what Russia and China in particular, and other Polar countries in general, seek to forge special and distinguished strategic relations with their countries.
He stressed that these developments forced the United States to retract its previous decision to turn away from the Middle East, so America re-established its strategic goals and shaped its foreign policies in line with the new developments, especially in this region.
America is retreating from its liberal ideological principles that it was promoting
In his speech last week, Blinken focused on the axes of his country’s foreign policy, revealing a dangerous decline in the liberal ideological principles that the United States is the leader and promoter of in the world. This reminds us of the Soviet Union’s retreat from communist principles at the end of the Cold War era and its fall.
In that speech, Blinken maintained his country’s main goal of containing the Chinese rise and focusing on Asia, but he retreated from the idea of “circumventing” the Middle East. Blinken stressed the importance of this region, and the necessity of American diplomatic and security involvement in it, with the aim of “promoting regional integration led by The United States,” and one of the most prominent ironies of the speech in the context of the previous goal is Blinken’s assertion of his country’s intention to work with any country in the region, in a gesture of ignoring the democratic standards that the United States requires in its dealings and partnerships. Although the United States deals with double standards within that principle, in a scandalous manner, especially with Israel, officially declaring the abandonment of that principle inherent in American thought and liberal ideology carries a lot in store.
America declares an economic war on China by proposing a corridor for India and Europe through the Middle East.
He stressed that Blinken proposed in that speech a future project to launch a corridor between India and Europe through the Middle East, which, if realized, would compete with the Chinese Silk Road project, in which China has been investing financially and diplomatically for years, and would strengthen the American economic presence in the Middle East region, as a competitor to China, and is considered a competitor to China. This project proposed by the United States is another blow to the principles of liberalism that the United States adopts as an ideology, which sees the economy, commercial and financial integration as an important path to achieving peace and stability in the world.
Through this project, the United States declares economic war on China, which completely departs from the idea of global economic integration and cooperation, which is the principle to which all countries of the world have submitted and engaged, including Russia and China, in light of the dominance of American globalization, especially after the end of the war. Cold, and America dominates the world as a single pole.
The goals of American foreign policy in the post-unipolar world are many. In addition to turning back to the Middle East, the United States has begun to pay attention to the African continent, after neglecting it for many years, especially in the wake of the escalation of the rebellion of the countries of the African continent against Western influence, in favor of alliances with… China, Russia and other poles.
The United States is also facing the slide of the Russian-Ukrainian war, which it tried to inflame in order to break Russia’s power and remove it from the world of multipolarity, which threatens its polar exclusivity, and despite the fact that the United States has not paid a direct price for this bloody war, like the price paid by Ukraine, Russia, and the European Union countries, America’s close allies, However, the United States is also paying a price, through tens of billions of dollars and thousands of military equipment, which has burdened and exhausted the budget of the United States of America, and made the American people complain and call for an end to American aid to Ukraine, and a return to interest in the American economy and the American citizen, especially with the severe financial crises. Which the American economy is witnessing and the widespread unemployment inside America, which has severely affected the American economy, and put it above the threshold of danger, especially after the internal and external debt reached the danger level, and America became unable to pay the debt installments with fears that it will notThe ability to pay the debt, with the declaration of bankruptcy for many American banks and financial institutions, which severely affected the American economy.